A Private Speech and Swallowing Therapy Practice in Bellaire, Texas


Result from neurological disorders such as stroke, brain injury, and degenerative diseases:

Aphasia: a language disorder which results from brain damage (most commonly a stroke which affects the language dominant hemisphere of the brain); the disorder can involve speaking, listening, reading an writing, e.g.,

  • Broca’s aphasia: difficulty finding words, minimal verbal output, and right-sided weakness
  • Wernicke’s aphasia: fluent, easy verbal production which may not make sense, and difficulty understanding the spoken word; reading and writing may be impaired
  • Global aphasia: typically the most severe aphasia: affecting all areas of communication

Cognitive-linguistic deficits from brain injury related to any etiology, including problems with

  • Auditory comprehension
  • Verbal expression
  • Orientation and memory
  • Attention, including;

                         -Focused attention: ability to focus on something (can be brief)

                         -Sustained attention: ability to hold attention for a period of time

                         -Selective attention: ability to attend to a one thing, while being able to ignore external or 

                          internal distractions (audio, visual, kinesthetic, etc.)

                         -Alternating attention: ability to switch attention from a subject, and then returning attention to 

                          the same subject , and

                         -Divided attention: ability to attend to several things at one time (e.g., driving)

Executive function skills:

  • High level cognitive skills used to control other abilities and behaviors:
  • Planning, timing, ability to self-monitor
  • Organization
  • Sequencing
  • Problem solving
  • Abstract reasoning
  • Mental flexibility
  • Insight and judgement