A Private Speech and Swallowing Therapy Practice in Bellaire, Texas


Result from neurological disorders such as stroke, brain injury, and degenerative diseases:


a language disorder which results from brain damage (most commonly a stroke which affects the language dominant hemisphere of the brain); the disorder can involve speaking, listening, reading and writing, e.g., 

  • Broca’s aphasia: difficulty finding words, minimal verbal output, and right-sided weakness
  • Wernicke’s aphasia: fluent, easy verbal production which may not make sense, and difficulty understanding the spoken word; reading and writing may be impaired
  • Global aphasia: typically the most severe aphasia: affecting all areas of communication

Cognitive-linguistic deficits from brain injury related to any etiology, including problems with:

  •  Auditory comprehension
  • Verbal expression
  • Orientation and memory
  • Attention, including:

  • Focused attention: ability to focus on something (can be brief)
  • Sustained attention: ability to hold attention for a period of time
  • Selective attention: ability to attend to one thing, while being able to ignore  external or internal distractions (audio, visual, kinesthetic, etc.)
  • Alternating attention: ability to switch attention from a subject, and then returning attention to the same subject , and
  • Divided attention: ability to attend to several things at one time (e.g., driving)

   Executive function skills:

  • High level cognitive skills used to control other abilities and behaviors:
  • Planning, timing, ability to self-monitor
  • Organization
  • Sequencing
  • Problem solving
  • Abstract reasoning
  • Mental flexibility
  • Insight and judgement